Lots happening right now! Keep up with fast-developing actions and all the latest events at our facebook page. Also check out the latest events posted on Meetup by the NYC Grassroots Alliance, a collection of more than 30 local groups including Sane Energy Project.
September 20th in DC:
Moral March for Climate Justice, September 20th in Washington, DC launches a series of events, including vigils and congressional visits, leading up to the Pope’s address to Congress on September 24th. Last September we marched with 400,000 of our closest friends in the streets of NYC. This September, having witnessed ever more severe droughts, floods, tornadoes and fires, the heat is quite literally on. Sign up to be there!
Reportbacks: Past Events, Photos & Videos:
Sunday, January 18th in Brooklyn: Sane Energy Project and Food Not Fracking present A Panel Discussion and Book Signing: The Landscape of Fracking in New York; What’s Changed and What Hasn’t. The announcement that DEC will prohibit fracking in NYS may lead some to believe that now we’re “safe.” However, pipelines, compressor stations, storage caverns and LNG facilities have been and remain the current threat. “The Real Cost of Fracking” authors, Michelle Bamberger and Robert Oswald, demonstrate why such infrastructure may actually be WORSE than drilling in its health impacts on humans, animals, and our food shed. You Are Here, a new online mapping tool, will demonstrate how New York is already being fracked in every way BUT the drilling. Local activists join a panel discussion about current infrastructure projects and what is being done to stop them.
January 7th on Long Island: Port Ambrose Public Hearing. Please join us and tell everyone you know to attend the ONLY public hearing currently scheduled in New York regarding Liberty Natural Gas’ bid to build a floating LNG facility right where a wind farm should go. Reportback here.
November 7th on Long Island: Port Ambrose Community Meeting. Informational organizing meeting and art build, 6 PM at The Mermaid Art Studio, Long Beach.
October 30th on Long Island: Port Ambrose Community Meeting. An informational organizing meeting: 6:30 – 8:30 PM at Bellmore Exempts Fire Hall
Sept 20th: You Are Here Launches. Our online, interactive map of all shale gas infrastructure will launch at the Climate Convergence. 12:30-2pm, Graffiti Church, 205 East 7th street, between Avenues B&C. Don’t miss this! Reportback here.
July 13th in DC: Rally to Stop Fracked Gas Exports.
COVE POINT & BEYOND: For far too long, President Obama has allowed the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) to put the interests of the oil and gas industry above our health, safety and climate. FERC has rubber-stamped project after project to expand fracking here and export fracked gas overseas. Dominion’s proposal to build a liquefied natural gas (LNG) export terminal in Cove Point, Maryland would expand fracking in the Marcellus Shale region, put local communities in danger and raise gas prices in the U.S. Complete reportback with photos and videos here.
January 16th, 2014: New York Shale Potential, What can New Yorkers expect if high-volume hydrofracking is permitted here? Analysis of 2700 Pennsylvania gas wells shows that the highest yields are where shale is deepest and thickest. But the Marcellus shale gets thinner and shallower rapidly as it crosses the border into New York, leading to predictions of significantly less production, but with considerable potential damage from frack waste and drill cutting disposal, road damage, compressor stations, and pipelines. Moderated by Prof. Anthony Ingraffea. Presentations by geologist Brian Brock, systems analyst Jerry Acton, oil and gas experts Chip Northrup and Lou Allstadt. New York Society for Ethical Culture.
November 2nd, Civil Disobedience at Spectra Site: Thirteen activists, including City Councilman Corey Johnson, were arrested for blocking traffic across 8 lanes of the West Side Highway, to protest the gas turning on in the Spectra line. Complete Reportback here. View video of musicians including the “River” song, written about the Spectra pipeline by Reverend Billy’s Church of Stop Shopping choir.
Oct 27th-29th, Sandy Anniversary Events: A huge rally at City hall organized by 350 plus a more intimate Wall Street candlelight march. Complete Reportback here.
Saturday, Oct. 26th: Minisink Rally. Farmers from the Black Dirt Region in Minisink, NY, one of the world’s premier agricultural regions, came to Union Square to tell greenmarket shoppers how the Millennium compressor station is negatively impacting their area. Complete Reportback here.
LNG Beach Party–Alerting beachgoers about the Liberty LNG port! The beach leafletting campaign has been not just a really great time–with perfect weather, swimming conditions and terrific food–it’s been an effective way to get the word out about the LNG Port.
Summer Shindig to Sue the Diggers! Con Edison is digging up the streets along 10th Avenue to install the pipeline that will connect their grid to the Spectra pipeline, so we threw a party to pay for the lawsuit against them! The Con Ed portion of the pipe was segmented from any environmental review; HRPT and FERC said basically, it’s “not their job” to look at any of the risks it brings. So we sued, and now our lawsuit awaits its appeal date. Our public interest attorneys have been tireless, generous, and patient. By September we expect to be back in court with our appeal, and we want to be ready.
Saturday, June 22nd: Pipeline Monster at the Mermaid Parade. A coalition of groups marched in the annual Coney Island parade, drawing attention to the Rockaway pipeline and the Liberty LNG port. 12,000 flyers were distributed. Photos.
Tuesday, May 14th, 7pm: Radon Forum at Cooper Union
Lung Cancer & New York City Kitchens: Why Increased Radon in Natural Gas Could Be a Public Health Disaster. Radon is an invisible, but dangerous substance that is found in natural gas. It is the leading cause of lung cancer among non-smokers. Increases in levels of radon in natural gas used for cooking and heating in our homes and workplaces could become a major public health disaster. Sponsored by: Cooper Union Institute for Sustainable Design, Damascus Citizens for Sustainability/NYH2O, Food & Water Watch, New York Committee on Occupational Safety & Health, Sane Energy Project, United for Action. Video here.
Wednesday, May 8th @ 7pm: Screening: Our friends at United for Action, partners in our lawsuit against HRPT and Spectra, host a special screening: A Fierce Green Fire, The Battle for a Living Planet, as a fundraiser for the legal fund against Spectra. Upstairs at La Nacional, 239 West 14th St., just east of 8th Avenue, Manhattan. Screening at 7pm; doors open at 6:30. Discussion afterwards about local efforts in the context of the ongoing ecological crises.
Saturday, April 27th: Connect the Dots: Fracking, Pipelines, Boilers, Radon. Representatives from Sane Energy Project will make a presentation and lead a question-and-answer session about how natural gas affects New York City and worsens climate change. Broadway Library, Astoria, Queens, 3-4pm
Tuesday April 23rd @ 6pm: Screening of “Empowered”
Sierra Club presents a screening of “Empowered,” the story of how the city of Ithaca, NY, switched all its municipal power to renewables, and started down the path to becoming one of the world’s first 100% green cities. Seafarers: Irving Place at 15th Street
Meet us, Sunday April 21st, Earth Day in Union Square
Sane Energy Project shares a table with NYC Friends of Clearwater and United for Action. Come visit and sign our new petition to support a law that will require the monitoring and mitigation of radon in NYC’s gas supply.
Thursday, April 18th @ FERC in DC
A coalition of pipeline fighters will converge on the FERC, when 5 commissioners meet to approve (and it’s almost always to approve) new projects. FERC makes sure citizens are silenced by the way they ignore thousands of public comments and rubberstamp all these projects. And they literally silence the public by disallowing comment at these meetings. To make sure they get the message anyway, opponents will wear t-shirts stamped with their docket numbers (how FERC staff identify all projects). When they look up they’ll see a united front from New York, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. Rally and lobbying follow the meeting.
Tuesday, March 12th, Sane Energy Solutions Presents: Electric Cars: Is NYC Ready for EVs? Myths and Realities of Electric Vehicles in the Big City.
Expert “car guy,” John Voelcker, Senior Editor at High Gear Media and GreenCarReports.com, joins NYC policy advisor on EV readiness, Ari Kahn and moderator Michele Fox for a lively conversation and audience Q&A. Upstairs at La Nacional, 239 West 14th St (near 8th Ave). Video.
Thursday, Feb. 14th @ 6pm, Chelsea. CB4, the community board just north of the West Village, will host a hearing on the Con Edision extention to the Spectra Pipeline, location tbd (check back here for updates soon).
Wednesday, Feb. 13th, Community Forum on Fracking, sponsored by State Senators Espaillat & Serrano, Assembly Member Linda Rosenthal, and Councilmember Gale Brewer, Sane Energy Project and others, at Ansche Chesed, 251 West 100th Street. 6:30pm.
Saturday, January 5th, we’ll screen Dear Governor Cuomo, with David Braun of United for Action, and Clare Donohue, of Sane Energy Project. West Beth Community Center, inner courtyard of 155 Bank Street (enter at Bank or Bethune). Doors open at 6:30 for letter writing; screening at 7pm.
Tuesday, Dec 18: Year-end celebration and screening. INSPIRATION Film Series Presents Living Downstream, the story of how one of the true leaders of our movement, Sandra Steingraber, came to follow in the footsteps of her own personal hero, Rachel Carson. Also a video recap of all the actions we’ve done with OTP this past year!
Tuesday, Dec 4: CB2 Hearing on Spectra. As part of a negotiation stemming from our lawsuit against the Hudson River Park Trust, Con Edison has been required to present plans for their 1500-foot extension to the pipeline. The Environment, Public Safety and Public Health Committee of Community Board 2 will meet at 6:30pm at the Village Community School, 272 West 10th Street, near the corner of Washington. Video
Last Stand Rally at the Spectra Site, Dec. 1:
Video: Hundreds of supporters came out to witness the installation of the pipe under the Hudson riverbed. More.
Monday, October 15: “O15″
National Day of Action Against Pipelines
Occupy the Pipeline’s “Skeleton Crew” in action. Check out photos here.
In honor of solidarity around pipelines, please note the following:
VICTORY! The “Via Verde” pipeline in Puerto Rico has been killed due to the efforts of our allies at Contra el Gasoducto.
Oct. 15th: CARP meeting, Brooklyn, Sign the petition against the Rockaway pipeline.
Oct. 24th: FERC hearing on the Constitution Pipeline, 7-10pm
Foothills Performing Arts Center, 24 Market St, Oneonta, NY 13820
More info here. Comments can be submitted online also.
Wednesday, October 3rd:
Party to Save the Village (from pipelines, radon, fracking and other total insanity!)
Sunday, Sept 16th: Perimeter Parade!
Join Occupy the Pipeline for a march around the edge of the danger zone, marking it for the brunch crowd. Guitarmy, OWS Puppet Guild and others will join the parade all the way down to Foley Square for the Occupy Wall Street one year anniversary concert.
Meet Up at 10am at Gansevoort and the Hudson River Greenway.
EMERGENCY RALLY AT THE SITE:
Thursday 9/6 at 8:30 am and 6pm
Hudson River at Gansevoort Street–Cross the highway at Horatio Street
Sunday, Sept 2: Hit the beach!
The controversial Rockaway Lateral pipeline has gotten the attention of the New York Times, and now we hope to get the attention of weekend beach goers: the Coalition Against the Rockaway Pipeline (CARP) will be creating a family-friendly puppet parade at Rockaway’s famed Riis Park, featuring a 9-foot-long puppet fish we can’t wait to see! There’ll be music and speakers, sand painting, a labyrinth, and then a press conference at 1 pm. Help us gather petition signatures to stop this pipeline.
Weekend of August 25th-27th:
Fracktivists from all over the state will gather in Albany for a weekend of workshops and trainings, culminating in a massive rally 11am on Monday August 27th to present pledges to Governor Cuomo that we will resist fracking in NY State. This is a major action in coalition with 350.org and almost every fracking group in the State, in solidarity with the Southern Tier, where Cuomo has leaked a plan to begin drilling. For more info or to sign up, offer or arrange transport or housing, please visit Don’t Frack New York.
Occupy Swoops into West Village Like Batman
Occupy Spectra, an off-shoot of the OWS Environmental Solidarity working group, led a march of nearly 200 people through the Meatpacking district on Thursday, August 9th, to protest the Spectra pipeline. Demonstrators gathered at the Toddler’s Playground for a pre-march rally, then filled streets of packed sidewalk cafes along the High Line, 14th Street, and a public plaza near the Apple Store. The “Illuminator” lit up surrounding buildings with batman-like projections exhorting folks to “Stop the Spectra Pipeline” and the classic “99%” logo. A confetti cannon signaled a slow-motion “explosion die-in.” At least 2,000 copies of Sane Energy’s famous pink flyers were handed out. Video of the event can be found here; coverage in The Examiner is here.
Sane Energy featured on BBox radio
On August 8th, Sane Energy was interviewed by Maxine Margo on “The Many Shades of Green,” and discussed the Spectra and Rockaway pipelines, fracking, radon, boilers, and renewables.
Stop The Frack Attack!
Saturday, July 28th in Washington, DC:
The Anti-fracking movement is taking it to the next level: We’ll be converging in full force with our friends from around the nation for the first major rally in Washington DC! Tell Congress, the President and the world to end the rush to drill and STOP THE FRACK ATTACK. More info / full schedule /find a bus here.
Mark the Anniversary of Hiroshima
Monday, August 6th, 5pm, Rockefeller Center
Hiroshima, Three Mile Island, Chernobyl, Fukushima . . . nuclear accidents and weapons continue to threaten the world decades after the horrors of Hiroshima taught us that we should know better. Dress in black and white for a synchronized national remembrance that will include placards juxtaposing portions of John Hersey’s book, Hiroshima with quotes from Fukushima victims.
Ken Gale Connects the Dots
Thursday, July 12th @7pm:
These issues are all related:
• Gas Pipelines
• Radon in your kitchen
• Boiler conversions
• Navajo uranium mining
• Electric cars
• Greenhouse gases
• Renewable energy
We don’t need fracking. We don’t need nuclear power. We don’t have to have radioactive radon in our kitchens. It takes political will and a re-prioritization of how America spends its money. Subsidies for fossil fuels and nuclear and invading other countries for their fossil fuels is how political leaders do things now. Or we can get free energy from the sun, wind, tide and earth. Host of WBAI’s Eco-Logic, Ken Gale, lays out the problems and the solutions.
All Saints Episcopal Church hall, 43-12 46 St., Sunnyside, Queens
Directions: #7 train to 46 St/Bliss St., (only a few stops from Manhattan)
walk 1/2 block North
Sponsors: West Queens Greens, Sane Energy Project, NYC Friends of Clearwater, Sunnyside-Woodside Peace, Occupy Wall St. Environmental Solidarity Working Group
Party against the Pipeline at the Highline!
Sunday July 1st: The Spectra Pipeline is a “spectacular Evil,” according to the Reverend Billy and the Stop Shopping Choir (and an array of anti-fracking groups). Renown performance artist Rev. Bill brought his distinct brand of joyous activism to a family-friendly Gospel-style brunch–dedicated to the Spectra pipeline. OWS’s Environmental Solidarity Working Group, along with other community organizations, hosted the “church service” as part of a fight against Texas-based Spectra Energy’s plan for a 30-inch, high-pressure gas pipeline that would cross the Hudson River, entering Manhattan on Gansevoort Street, just steps away from a park and playground. Coverage of the event and action that followed can be found here.
Fundraiser for Spectra Legal Fund
Sunday, June 24: NoGasPipeline hosted a BBQ with bands all day at Jersey City’s Barrow Mansion
Clearwater Music Fest
Saturday and Sunday June 16 & 17: Croton Point Park, Westchester, NY.
Sane Energy Project, our fiscal sponsor, NYC Friends of Clearwater, and our allied friends in the fight to criminalize fracking, Frackbusters NY, tabled at the weekend-long festival.
Ethical Culture Society, Riverdale, June 1o, 11am
CONNECTING THE DOTS: HYDROFRACKING, PIPELINES, BOILERS AND RADON
A presentation by Sane Energy Project
New York City is at a turning point regarding our energy future: In one scenario, the mayor’s plan to convert the buses, boilers and power plants to fracked shale gas creates an unsustainable city with our air, water and food shed ruined, our state in a stranglehold of pipelines, and radon-laden gas being delivered to our cooking stoves. In another, funds are invested in an immediate and wide-ranging transition to renewable energy.
How we can aim for the latter, starting with choices we make for our own homes.
Rally and March Against Spectra, Tues., June 5, 1pm:
Occupy Wall Street has planned a march to kick off a direct action campaign to Stop Spectra: Assemble between 12 and 1 outside the United Nations (during the Food and Water Watch anti-fracking rally). OWS will deliver a letter to FERC offices expressing outrage about their approval of the pipeline and demanding they reverse that decision. Rude Mechanical Orchestra will spruce up the action with their energetic jams. There will be chances for people to mic check to spread awareness about the project and brainstorm methods of resistance. Directions
Community Meeting, Tuesday, May 29, 6:30pm:
You are cordially invited to the fight of your life.
FERC has approved the Spectra pipeline. New York City and the Marcellus must respond.
6:30pm, Tuesday, May 29
Spanish Benevolent Society (La Nacional)
239 West 14th street (between 7th and 8th aves) second floor
Sane Energy Project, NYC Friends of Clearwater, and NYH20 host a community meeting to discuss the legal response and kickstart a war chest (bring your checkbook, please).
HRPT Hearing, Thursday, May 31, 7pm:
VERY important meeting that could affect the Spectra Easement: The HRPT Hearing will discuss proposed changes to the Hudson River Park Act, including changes to time limits of easements and the potential addition of a stadium or residential development within the Park.
7pm, St. Paul’s Chapel, 209 Broadway, between Fulton St. and Vesey St.
(all trains to Fulton stop). More info here.
Sunday, May 27, 12-5pm
Loisada Festival: Avenue C between 12th and 6th streets.
Stuck in the city this Memorial Day weekend? No worries! Come visit all our favorite enviros who’ll be dispensing info about fracking, pipelines and boilers (one assumes while dancing)! Since 1987 the Loisaida Festival has been attracting between 10,000–15,000 people each year. The Festival showcases diverse manifestations of Latino culture through joyful music, cuisine and arts. Besides delivering top-notch entertainment, the festival also serves as a vehicle to disseminate critical community information to residents and visitors on matters affecting their well-being and environment. Many thanks to the organizers for their generosity!
Thursday, May 17, 6:30-9
ReNEW New York
Fifth in a Series of Discussions about Renewable Energy
Passive House: The Future of Energy Efficiency
The Community Church of New York, 40 East 35th Street (Park & Madison)
Passive House is an exciting new tool to change our energy future. If buildings were built or retrofitted to Passive House standards, we’d be using 80-90% LESS energy than we do now to heat and cool them. This is not only possible, it’s already happening: Passive House is now the building standard in Europe, and 34 projects have started here in NYC. If we can save that much energy, there’s clearly no need for new pipelines, or for a continued reliance on fossil fuels. This is a game changer.
Series Co-Sponsors: The Environmental Task Force of The Congregation of Saint Saviour; The Green Sanctuary Committee of the Community Church of New York, UU; NYC Friends of Clearwater; Tri-State Food Not Lawns/Neighborhood Energy Network; NY Climate Action Group; Sane Energy Project; United for Action; WBAI’s Eco-Logic
Friday, April 20-Friday, April 27th
EARTH DAY WEEK!
Multiple locations–More than 17 separate events including rallies, discussion panels, hearings, open houses, etc. Don’t miss the march/rally at Union Square on Earth Day, Sunday, April 22nd!
Tuesday, April 24, 6:45, Ethical Culture Society
Fourth in a Series of Discussions sponsored by ReNEW New York
2 West 64th Street at Central Park West (Doors open at 6)
With Deborah Rogers, Jannette Barth, Al Appleton $10 donation
Thursday, March 22, 6:30-9
ReNEW New York
Third in a Series of Discussions about Renewable Energy
The Boiler Dilemma
The Community Church of New York
40 East 35th Street (Park & Madison)
A Panel Discussion with:
Chris Benedict, Architecture and Energy Limited;
Dehran Duckworth, TriState BioDiesel;
Ron Kamen, New York Solar Energy Industries Association.
Moderated by Dan Miner, Beyond Oil NYC
The City’s new heating oil rules require buildings to stop using heavy oils by 2030, and building owners are tempted to convert to gas, due to its current low price. But what is the true cost of “cheap” gas, when fracking could ruin our air and water, and bring radon-laden shale gas to our stoves? Are conservation, solar thermal and biodiesel realistic alternatives?
Sunday, Feb. 19th:
ReNEW New York
Second in a Series of Discussions about Renewable Energy
Wind and Water Turbines
The Cathedral House at Saint John the Divine (110th Street @ Amsterdam Ave.)
Thursday, Jan. 19th:
ReNEW New York: First in a Series of Discussions about Renewable Energy
Solar In The City
The Community Church of New York,
40 East 35th Street (Park & Madison)
Saturday, Dec. 11th:
Come and Drink It Corbett
A Welcome Committee for Corbett (NYC 10-Dec-2011) 720p.mov – YouTube
Weds, Nov. 30th: NYC DEC hearing, Tribeca
DEC Hearing NYC – YouTube
Monday, Nov. 14th: Press Event, 12 noon
Urge Gov. Cuomo to vote NO on fracking the DRBC
Governor Cuomo’s NYC Office
633 Third Avenue (near 41st Street)
Sunday, Nov. 13th: Second Climate Justice Day, Occupy Wall Street
2-4pm, 60 Wall Street Atrium
Panel Discussion with Chris Williams, Christian Parenti and others
4-7pm, Zucotti Park (Broadway at Cedar)
Teach-ins by the red Mark DiSuvero statue
Weds., Nov. 9th, 6:30pm
Speak Out on Hydrofracking
Hosted by State Senator Liz Krueger & Assemblymember Brian Kavanagh
Baruch College Newman Vertical Campus
55 Lexington Avenue at 25th St., Room 1-107
Monday, Nov. 7th, Manhattan, all day:
Solidarity March, Washington Heights to Wall Street.
Hosted by State Senator Adrian Espaillat and Occupy Wall Street
Sunday, Nov. 6th: Tar Sands Action, Washington DC
Opponents will encircle the White House to urge President Obama not to build the highly destructive XL “tar sands” Pipeline. Tar Sands Action
Thurs, Nov. 3rd, 6:45pm: “What’s Fracking and Should We Be Worried?” LGBT Center at 208 West 13th Street (Room 301), between 7th and 8th Avenues. Screening PBS “Now” host David Brancaccio’s interview of Josh Fox, with Assemblymembers Danny O’Donnell, Deborah Glick, Linda Rosenthal, Richard Gottfried, Civil rights attorney Yetta Kurland and David Braun of United for Action.
Weds, Nov. 2nd, 7pm: NYS Assemblymember Linda Rosenthal hosts
“Speak out on Fracking”
Congregation B’nai Jeshurun, 257 West 88th Street
with Mark Ruffalo, Al Appelton, Deborah Goldberg
Mark Ruffalo Attends Tension-Filled Hydrofracking Forum on UWS | The New York Observer
Monday, Oct. 31st: Last day to submit public comment to FERC! Sane Energy Project will join Occupy Wall Street at the annual Greenwich Village Halloween Parade and celebrate having submitted more than 325 public comments.
Occupy Wall Street Marchers Take Part In Ghoulish Village Halloween Parade – NY1.com
Sunday, Oct. 30st: Sane Energy Project will join Occupy Wall Street for an all-day public forum on climate change, fracking, tar sands, and the Spectra pipeline. Workshops start at 11am in Zucotti Park; an indoor space is available in case of rain.
Monday Oct. 24th, 7pm, “Petropolis” and a discussion of the Tar Sands pipeline;
Friday,Oct. 28th, 7pm, “Home,” and a discussion of renewable energy with Lisa DiCaprio
Sunday Oct. 23rd
Sane Energy will be at Green City Challenge in Union Square. Please stop by, sign a comment letter and a postcard to mayor Bloomberg!
Green City Challenge
We the World and Coalition for One Voice Present:
Sane Energy Project will participate.
This program is taking place as part of
Sept. 14th, Future Visions Movie & Discussion Series Presents:
The Pipe documents the dramatic clash of cultures in Mayo County, Ireland where the rights of farmers and fishermen have come into intense conflict with one of the world’s most powerful corporations, Shell Oil. When citizens of the village of Rossport look to their state to protect their rights, they find the government has put Shell’s plans above their own, threatening to destroy a way of life shared for generations. Watch the trailer here:http://www.thepipethefilm.com/
Sane Energy Project will discuss the plan to run a dangerous gas pipeline up the coast of Staten Island and New Jersey, into Manhattan’s West Village, and how our own government is also supporting a corporation’s plans over the desires of its citizens.
7pm “The Gallery” at John Haynes Holmes House of The Community Church of NY 28 East 35th Street (between Park and Madison) Sponsored by:Neighborhood Energy Network & Tristate Food Not Lawns; Sierra Club NYC; The Green Sanctuary Committee, The Community Church of New York, Unitarian Universalist; “Resistance Cinema”/Action for Justice Committee; Sane Energy Project
Rally at 2pm in NYC, plus other events around the state: